What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease which affects the central neurological system (the brain and the spinal cord) and which normally affects young adults. The central nervous system’s nerve fibres are wrapped in a layer of proteins and fatty acids known as myelin which protects them and allows them to conduct electric impulses. In a patient with MS, the immune system attacks the myelin, leaving scars known as plaques. If the myelin is destroyed or damaged, the nerves’ ability to conduct electric impulses from and to the brain is affected.
Symptoms vary between patients and may last for days or months. The most frequent symptoms are: fatigue, visual impairment, balance and coordination difficulties, spasticity, heightened sensitivity, speech impairment, bladder or bowel problems, sexual and intimacy problems and cognitive and emotional disorders.
The progression of the illness varies greatly among patients. In some cases, patients may lead relatively normal lives, however in others quality of life may be seriously impaired. Although MS has no cure, it may be treated both by medicine and therapy.
SARquavitae provides centres and homes specially designed for patients with multiple sclerosis in its advanced stages equipped with social workers, psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, clinical assistants, nurses, occupational therapists, speech therapists and doctors, etc. who help patients to maintain and improve their physical condition and to adapt to everyday life.